PRAMS was initiated in 1987 to help state health departments establish and maintain an epidemiologic surveillance system of selected maternal behaviors and experiences. PRAMS was started at a time when the US infant mortality rate was no longer declining as rapidly as it had in past years and the prevalence of low birthweight was showing little change. Maternal behaviors such as alcohol and tobacco use and limited use of prenatal care and pediatric care were contributing to the slow rate of decline. PRAMS was designed to supplement data from vital records and to generate data for planning and assessing perinatal health programs in each participating state.
PRAMS provides data not available from other sources about pregnancy and the first few months after birth. These data can be used to identify groups of women and infants at high risk for health problems, to monitor changes in health status, and to measure progress towards goals in improving the health of mothers and infants.
For additional information, please visit http://www.cdc.gov/prams/. You will find detailed information on the methodology used, other participating states, and data to action success stories.
For more information about PRAMS, call Sarah Mauch at (515) 725-2289 or 1-800-383-3826, or go to the Contact Us page to submit a question.
For information on maternal, child, and family planning services call the Healthy Families Line at 1-800-369-2229.
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